Architecture in Minecraft

Buttresses

  • Buttress: A vertical piece of masonry designed to divert outward thrust of a wall into the ground.
  • Flying Buttress: Any buttress whose vertical is not set against a wall or surface.
  • Angle Buttress: A buttress set at right angles from the corners of the supported structure.
  • Clasping Buttress: A buttress that is built to wrap around the entire corner of the supported structure.
  • Diagonal Buttress: A buttress set at the corner at a 45 degree angle away from the corner of the supported structure.
  • Set-back Buttress: A buttress set away from the corner of the supported structure.

Battlements

  • Angle Round: A rounded turret, often set on a corner and without a covering.
  • Bartizan: A corbelled turret, either square or round.
  • Bastion: A defensive semicircular projection of a wall on a fortress or city.
  • Caphouse: A small house-looking chamber at the top of a staircase, granting access to the parapet walk.
  • Crenels: The gaps between merlons.
  • Merlons: The stone uprights of battlements.
  • Parapet: A low wall rising from the outer edge of a walk or platform, often to prevent falls from high walls.
  • Parapet Walk: A walkway behind battlements, often with a parapet behind it to prevent falls into the inner courtyards.
  • Turret: A small ornamental tower projecting from a building, usually on a corner and sometimes level with battlements.

Large Features

  • Abutment: Solid stonework designed to support the weight of arches and usually a bridge on top.
  • Arcade: A walkway covered by arches or vaults held up by columns.
  • Atrium: An open inner courtyard, often the central or main room, sometimes with a shallow pool of rainwater.
  • Bulwark: A barricade of beams and soil, often used to defend siege or ranged weapons.
  • Campanile: A free-standing bell tower, sometimes attached to a church.
  • Clerestory: A high wall with a band of narrow windows along it. Often it is the upper level of a church or cathedral.
  • Cloister: An enclosed quadrangle within a monastery or near a church surrounded by passages.
  • Crosswall: Any interior wall of a castle used to divide rooms or spaces.
  • Dais: A raised platform or section at one end of a medieval hall, often where the head of the household or region sat or ate.
  • Facade: The front of a building, often more emphasised than the other sides.
  • Mezzanine: An intermediate floor between two main floors of a building.
  • Retaining Wall: A wall that supports or retains the weight of earth or water behind it.

Small Features

  • Balconette: A false and small railed balcony placed directly outside of a window, often leaving little to no room to stand.
  • Corbel/Bracket: A small piece of masonry or structure jutting out from a wall, designed to carry weight of an overhang into the wall.
  • Carrel: A niche in a wall or bay window, often where someone might sit to find a place to study or read.
  • Crocket: A hook-shaped spur on any kind of spire, pinnacle, etc., common in Gothic architecture.
  • Cupola: An ornamental structure placed upon a large roof or dome, sometimes with a spire on top.
  • Embrasure: A recess within a wall for a door, window, etc.
  • Finial: Any topmost feature of a structure.
  • Jamb: The side of an arch, door, or window.
  • Joist: A timber reaching from wall to wall to support floorboards, often exposed to the room below.
  • Lych Gate: A wooden gateway with a roof covering it and open sides at the entrance to a churchyard or graveyard.
  • Mantelpiece: The wood, stone, or brick frame around a fireplace.
  • Mullion: Vertical work between window panes.
  • Portcullis: A wood and/or metal grate that drops vertically from grooves to block entry to a castle or defensive structure.
  • Postern: The back door of a castle.
  • Sill: The horizontal piece upon which doors and windows rest.
  • Spandrels: Roughly triangular spaces or shapes between an arch and its containing frame, or between connecting arches.
  • Swag: Ornamental drapery suspended from both ends.

Rooms and Structures

  • Aqueduct: A long series of arches carrying channels to transport water.
  • Belfry: A chamber within which bells are hung, often in a tower.
  • Belvedere: Any feature on a roof that grants a good view of surrounding land. It often has a tower-like appearance.
  • Gallery: A long passage or room.
  • Hall: The principal or main room of a complex.
  • Jetty: The projection of a timber-framed upper storey.
  • Loft: An upper room or floor, normally within a roof space.
  • Manse: The house of the minister of religion.
  • Narthex: An entrance hall immediately within a chuch or cathedral, preceding the nave.
  • Oratory: A private chapel in a church or house.
  • Solar: An upper living room of a house or castle, often over the hall and the main living and sleeping area for residents.
  • Steading: A farm building or buildings.
  • Steeple: A tower with a spire and belfry.
  • Tolsey: A market house or exchange house.
  • Undercroft: A vaulted room or space beneath a home or structure.
  • Viaduct: A long series of arches carrying a road.

Techniques

  • Banding: Horizontal bands across a building of varying materials.
  • Blocked: A regular vertical arrangement of blocks that interupt the wall's material.
  • Cladding: External covering normally applied to a wooden frame.
  • Half Timbering: A method of construction in which the principal wooden frame is exposed and the spaces between them are covered with plaster or masonry.

Arches and Frames

  • Impost: A piece of masonry upon which an arch rests.
  • Semicircular: A standard round arch. The centre of the curve is level with the imposts.
  • Stilted: As the semicircular arch, but there is vertical masonry above the imposts before the curve begins.
  • Flat/Relieving: An arch that appears to have once been round, but has since been filled in and transformed into a level doorway.
  • Shouldered/Basket: A flat arch with a small amount of arch masonry in the corners.
  • Pointed: A tall arch that comes to a 45 degree angle at its highest point.
  • Depressed: An arch that appears to have a centre lower than that of the imposts.
  • Blind: Any arch that is filled in so that one cannot see or pass through.
  • Hanging Arch: An arch that has no vertical supports below the imposts.
  • Shouldered: An architrave with side and top corner projections on the top level.
  • Eared: An architrave with side projections on the top level.
  • Open Pediment: A pediment with the centre of the base omitted.
  • Pediment: A triangular section of masonry often supported by columns .
  • Overarch: An arch framing an opening in a wall, such as a window or door.

Vaults

  • Vault: A raised or arched stone or timber roof.
  • Barrel Vault: A continuous semicircular vault.
  • Groin: Essentially a vault formed by two intersecting barrel vaults at right angles.
  • Rib: A groin vault structured like pointed arches instead of semicircular arches.
  • Fan: A rounded vault with no sharp edges.

Windows

  • Bay Window: A window projecting from the wall of a building.
  • Canted Bay Window: A bay window with a flat front and angled sides.
  • Bow Window: A curved bay window.
  • Oriel Window: A bay window on an upper story, supported by corbels or brackets.

Courses

  • Course: A continuous, thin horizontal layer of masonry within a wall that is distinct from the rest of the wall.
  • Blocking Course: A course of stones on top of the cornice.
  • Cornice: A course along the top of the walls and projecting from the building.

Water Wheels

  • Breastshot: A water wheel that is fed water at mid-height, passing underneath the wheel.
  • Overshot: A water wheel that is fed water on the top, passing over the wheel.
  • Undershot: A water wheel that is fed water at mid-height, passing underneath the wheel.
  • Pitchback: A water wheel that is fed water on top but it falls backwards and passes underneath the wheel.

Stairs

  • Caracol/Spiral: A spiral staircase.
  • Vice: A spiral staircase with a central newel pillar.
  • Imperial Stair: A stair that rises in one flight and turns back in two flights.
  • Well: A staircase that turns in on itself at right angles.
  • Dog-leg: A well staircase with no open space between flights.

Roofing

  • Catslide: A portion of the roof that continues down in a single plane to cover a lower projection of the building.
  • Hip Roof: A type of roof where all sides slope downwards towards the walls.
  • Gable: A triangular wall at the end of a building that rises up between two planes of a roof.
  • Gablet: A hipped roof with small gables on the top.
  • Mansard: A hipped roof of two pitches; the lower steep and the upper shallow.
  • Crowsteps: Stones set like steps atop a gable.
  • Gambrel: Like a mansard roof, but with gable ends.
  • Crest: Ornamental finishes along the top of a wall or roof.
  • Dormer: A window projecting out from the slope of a roof, usually with its own roof.
  • Eaves: The edge of a roof that project from the side of the building.
  • Principals: The primary timbers or rafters that support the roof.